Methods, tools and techniques
Insects, rodents and weeds are the scourge of any garden. If left uncontrolled, these pests can tear apart a garden, whether it's a vegetable garden or a flower garden. Most pests use flowers and other plants as sustenance, and once they get started they can rapidly reproduce, quickly ramping up the level of destruction. While it is possible to contract the services of a garden pest control company, you could also handle your own pest control. Read on to learn some useful tools and techniques.
The most common method used for fighting garden pests is the application of pesticides. Pesticides are chemicals specially designed for garden pest control. There are many different pesticides, specially tailored to fight different kinds of pests. For example, you might get certain pesticides to fight rodents, another pesticide to fight insects, and yet another if your primary problem is weeds.
When it comes to fighting insects, it's important to get the right kind of pesticides. Different pesticides target insects of different maturity levels. There are ovicides to kill insect eggs, larvicides to kill insect larvae, and adulticides for fighting full-grown adult insects. Just like any other tool, you need to get the right one for the job.
Environmental Effects of Pesticides
One important note to remember before you buy any pesticide for garden pest control is the environmental effect that it might have. This is especially true when it comes to vegetable gardens, as overuse of certain pesticides on vegetables can have harmful effects on humans who ingest them. If you aren't careful, you can end ruining your own garden while trying to get rid of pests. This is also true when you're dealing with weeds, as overuse of weed herbicide can kill the very plants you are trying to protect.
Organic Pest Control
Many people are turning away from pesticides because they can have long-term effects on the environment, even if they aren't overused. Some people have been looking at natural solutions, such as organic pest control. These pesticides are made from other plants, as opposed to chemical compounds. While they are still mildly toxic to warm-blooded animals (and more so to fish and cold-blooded critters), their toxicity is nowhere near the level of chemical pesticides. Ultimately, these types of pesticides break down quickly and don't have a long-lasting effect on humans or the environment, making them a good alternative to traditional pesticides.
Living Biological Controls
Another interesting option for natural pest control is living biological controls. That sounds very advanced, but all that it really involves is using insects to fight other insects. For example, spiders, ladybugs, praying mantises, lacewings, predatory mites, wasps and some flies will all hunt and kill other harmful bugs. While you might not like the idea of introducing other insects into your garden, these insects won't harm your vegetables or flowers – they will protect them. This creates a natural ecological balance in your garden.